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勤める, 務める, つとめる

  • tsutomeru


Ichidan verb, transitive verb

  • to work (for)
  • to be employed (at)
  • to serve (in)


  • to serve (as)
  • to act (as)
  • to fill (the position of)
  • to play the role (of)


  • to conduct a religious service

Examples of 勤める,務める,つとめる in a Sentence

The servants tried to carry out their master's order.
In the play she doubled the parts of a maid and shop girl.
My father serves in the Foreign Ministry.
Try to do things for yourself.
He interpreted for me.
Try to live within your income.
Try to make good use of your time.
I tried to efface the memory of her tears.
She works for a large American corporation.
She works in a bank.

Related Study Lists

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  • This is the vocabulary and kanji from the lessons :)
  • Vocabulary from each chapter, kanji lists from the last few sections, and various extra vocabulary found throughout specific chapters...
  •     Words for the verb-types and nouns that can be directly connected to する will also be in this list.
  • All ichidan verbs up to level N5.  
  •   Common Verbs
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勤める,務める,つとめる Conjugations

Plain Polite 勤めますつとめます
Negative 勤めないつとめない
Negative Polite 勤めませんつとめません
Past 勤めたつとめた
Past Polite 勤めましたつとめました
Past Negative 勤めなかったつとめなかった
Past Negative Polite 勤めませんでしたつとめませんでした
Te Form 勤めてつとめて
Progressive 勤めているつとめている
Progressive Polite 勤めていますつとめています
Progressive Negative 勤めてないつとめてない
Progressive Negative Polite 勤めていませんつとめていません
Passive 勤められるつとめられる
Passive Te Form 勤められてつとめられて
Imperative 勤めなさいつとめなさい
Imperative Polite 勤めてくださいつとめてください
Imperative Polite Negative 勤めないでくださいつとめないでください
Optative 勤めたいつとめたい
Optative Negative 勤めたくなかったつとめたくなかった
Optative Negative Polite (1st Form) 勤めたくないですつとめたくないです
Optative Negative Polite (2nd Form) 勤めたくありませんつとめたくありません
Optative Past 勤めたかったつとめたかった
Optative Past Negative Polite (1st Form) 勤めたくなかったですつとめたくなかったです
Optative Past Negative Polite (2nd Form) 勤めたくありませんでしたつとめたくありませんでした
Optative Te Form 勤めたくてつとめたくて
Optative Conditional 勤めたければつとめたければ
Gerund 勤めながらつとめながら
Factitive 勤めさせるつとめさせる
Factitive Shortened 勤めさすつとめさす
Potential 勤めれるつとめれる
Potential Polite 勤めれますつとめれます
Conditional (Ba Form) 勤めればつとめれば
Conditional (Tara Form) 勤めたらつとめたら
Volitional 勤めようつとめよう
Volitional Polite 勤めましょうつとめましょう
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