Japanese Dictionary

Reading and JLPT level
断る, 断わる JLPT 3
Kana Reading
ことわる
Romaji
kotowaru
Word Senses
  • Parts of speech
    Godan verb with `ru' ending, transitive verb
    Meaning
    to refuse; to reject; to dismiss; to turn down; to decline
    Example sentence
    先週あたり誘ってくれていたが、遅いので泣く泣く断った I was invited last week as well, but it was late so I regretfully turned them down.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to inform; to give notice; to tell in advance
    Example sentence
    男性から投稿記事へのレス一切お断りしております。 Men are absolutely not allowed to post or reply to articles.
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    to ask leave; to excuse oneself (from)
    Example sentence
    予め断りますが、今日ブログ面白くないよ~。 Just to warn you in advance, today's blog is no fun.

Examples of 断る, 断わる, ことわる in a sentence


Verb Conjugations

Non-Past

Plain
断る
Plain Polite
断ります
Negative
断らない
Negative Polite
断りません

Past

Plain
断った
Plain Polite
断りました
Negative
断らなかった
Negative Polite
断りませんでした

Te

Plain
断って
Plain Polite
断りまして
Negative
--
Negative Polite
--

Passive

Plain
断られる
Plain Polite
断られます
Negative
断られない
Negative Polite
断られません

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Kanji in this word

JLPT 3

11 strokes

severance, decline, refuse, apologize, warn, dismiss, prohibit, decision, judgement, cutting

On'Yomi: ダン

Kun'Yomi: た.つ, ことわ.る, さだ.める

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